What is the system for maintaining deeds and title records?

County or local recorder’s offices are the official systems of record for deeds and any issues which could cloud title. The United States has more than 3,000 counties, each with a different physical medium for their data (paper, legacy electronic, modern electronic) and different regulations. The complex interplay of state, federal, and county rules makes researching and defending title issues a complex operation. This complexity is part of what led to the inception of the title insurance industry.